Further tips

  • introduce autonomous learning gradually: start in the classroom (get familiar with the activity) and bring the autonomous learning into the classroom explicitly
  • help students adjust to the new way of learning (mindshift) as they need guidance and training
  • select a feasible number of aspects (in screening, feedback, learning plan and practice) and set a realistic time limit
  • find out about your students’ level of autonomy, eg. using a questionnaire to help students and teachers reflect on autonomous learning
  • integrate this guidance process in the curriculum, incorporate it in the classroom and focus on a selection of goals and aspects
  • focus on creating a habit of teaching and learning autonomously
  • involve the school management in the action research well, so they can motivate the rest of the school staff and offer their support